It is important for everyone to have regular eye checkups starting from childhood. Not only does this ensure that your vision is one hundred percent, but it is also vitally important in catching diseases early, giving you the best chance in the treatment and cure of these diseases. An eye check doesn’t have to be anything to worry about and your eye doctor should be doing what they can to make you feel relaxed and comfortable. They should be 100% professional in their approach. This is what you can count on from our eye doctors here at Northside Eye Care in Evansville IN.
What Tests to Expect
There are a number of different eye tests which are routinely carried out during an eye exam, and extra tests may be added in according to family history and your own medical situation. Before you go, try to find out about your family’s eye history, be prepared to talk about any medication which you may be taking and make a list of any questions that you may have.
A few of the routine tests include:
- Eye muscle movement test – you will be asked to visually track a moving item to check your eyes’ alignment
- Cover test – this checks how well your eyes work together, and the doctor will cover one eye whilst you stare at a target some distance away, and as they cover and uncover the eyes they can see how your eyes react
- External exam and pupils – they will check the outside of the eye and how your pupils react to light changes
- Vision test – you are sat a distance away from a set of letters gradually getting small in size, line by line. You will be asked by each eye in turn to read the letters until you can’t read them anymore
- Retinoscopy – the doctor with either have a machine or will shine a light into your eye whilst you focus on a target, which will give them an idea of what lens prescription you will need if you will need to wear glasses
- Refraction Testing – if you need glasses and they don’t have a specific machine, your eye doctor will flip between different lenses and ask you questions like “Which is clearer, this or this?” This will fine tune the lens prescription that you need
- Slit lamp – this lights up and magnifies the front of the eye and is used to detect a number of diseases such as those affecting the cornea, iris, lens and anterior chamber
- Retinal Examination – having dilated the pupil, the eye doctor will shine a light into your eye to examine the state of the back of your eye – the retina, retinal vessels and the top of the optic nerve
- Glaucoma testing – there are a number of ways that this can be done. Some eye doctors will numb your eye and then use an instrument to measure the pressure. Other methods include sending a small puff of air into your eye to be able to measure its pressure
You may find that other tests are carried out, but these are the basis of a good eye examination. If you live in or around the Evansville area, come see our excellent staff at Northside Eye Care, and we will walk you through the tests and help you with any questions you may have.